Pneumonia Cases

 

community acquired pneumonia case study

Community-acquired pneumonia refers to pneumonia (any of several lung diseases) contracted by a person with little contact with the healthcare pagcodes.ga chief difference between hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) and CAP is that patients with HAP live in long-term care facilities or have recently visited a hospital. CAP is common, affecting people of all ages, and its symptoms occur as a Specialty: Infectious disease. In developed countries, community acquired pneumonia (CAP) contributes to both morbidity and mortality.1 A study shows that the mortality of CAP for Germany was 8% excluding data from healthcare associated pneumonia.1 This mortality was at the same range as other European countries.1 Another study show that in and , the incidence of. Case Study # 2 Community-acquired pneumonia. You may complete the case study below and the quiz on Carmen by yourself or with your peers. Prior to reading this case study, please review the following: Article "CAP Management Guidelines" by Miskovich-Riddle and Keresztes () under the week 14 content section of Carmen.


Nursing C - Pathophysiology of Altered Health States II


David N. A prototypical patient is presented to introduce important design issues for clinical trials of antibacterials in the treatment of community-acquired pneumonia. Admittedly, the patient population is heterogeneous. However, 2 subgroups constitute a significant percentage of the total. Streptococcus pneumoniae may be the etiologic organism, especially during or after viral tracheobronchitis.

In contrast, individuals in the second group are older. To focus on clinical trial design issues pertinent to the population of patients with mild pneumonia, a typical clinical-trial candidate patient is described below. Present illness. A year-old male resident of Boston, Massachusetts, presents with fever and cough. He was well until 3 days earlier, when he suffered community acquired pneumonia case study onset of nasal stuffiness, community acquired pneumonia case study, mild sore throat, and a cough productive of small amounts of clear sputum.

Today, he decided to seek physician assistance because of an increase in temperature to On one occasion, he noted a few flecks of bright-red blood in his sputum.

Other pertinent history. It is March. He lives in a home in the city with his wife and 3 children, aged 7, 9, and 11 years. The children are fully immunized. The family has a pet parakeet who is 5 years old and appears to be well. The patient has not traveled outside the city in the past year. He is an office manager. Medical history. The patient has no history of familial illness, hospitalizations, or trauma. There are no drug allergies or intolerance.

The only medication he takes is acetaminophen occasionally, for headaches. He drinks beer or wine in moderation. Physical community acquired pneumonia case study. His body temperature is There is mild erythema of the mucosa of the nose and posterior oropharynx, community acquired pneumonia case study.

Laboratory and radiographic findings. His hemoglobin level is The results of a multichemistry screen are unremarkable. Chest radiography documents bilateral lower lobe infiltrates that are more pronounced on the right side. There are no pleural effusions. Management questions. Therefore, he is a candidate for outpatient therapy. What is the likely microbiological diagnosis? On the basis of the cough of 2 weeks' duration in the patient's year-old child, the pneumonia community acquired pneumonia case study be due to M.

However, this illness could represent pneumococcal pneumonia superimposed on a viral upper respiratory tract infection. Clinical trial design questions. These are the hard questions and illustrate some of the many reasons for this workshop: Is the patient of sufficient reliability to participate in an outpatient clinical trial of antibacterials for mild CAP?

Is it ethical or, from a practical standpoint, feasible to conduct a placebo-controlled trial? If an active comparator drug is used, how does one generate a valid and defensible margin of noninferiority? It would help greatly if the etiology of the pneumonia could be determined for the majority of the enrolled patients. Multiple precautions are necessary to avoid bias in the interpretation of the results of clinical trials.

The articles that follow address these questions and more. Participants in this workshop uniformly agreed that the interaction of US Food and Drug Administration regulations, industry sponsors, and Infectious Diseases Society of America academics represents an opportunity to modernize future clinical trials for CAP. Supplement sponsorship. Potential conflicts of interest. Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford.

It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide. Sign In or Create an Account. Sign In. Advanced Search. Article Navigation. Close mobile search navigation Article Navigation. Volume Article Contents. Case Presentation. Reprints or correspondence: Dr. Gilbert, NE Hoyt, Ste. Oxford Academic.

Google Scholar. Cite Citation. Permissions Icon Permissions. Abstract A prototypical patient is presented to introduce important design issues for clinical trials of antibacterials in the treatment of community-acquired pneumonia. Search ADS. A prediction rule to identify low-risk patients with community-acquired pneumonia.

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Community-acquired pneumonia - Wikipedia

 

community acquired pneumonia case study

 

| Clinical Decision Support for Community Acquired Pneumonia. Acknowledgements. NORC would like to thank the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) for funding this study to improve patient safety in ambulatory care settings through the development and implementation of clinical decision support alerts for community-acquired. Community-acquired pneumonia refers to pneumonia (any of several lung diseases) contracted by a person with little contact with the healthcare pagcodes.ga chief difference between hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) and CAP is that patients with HAP live in long-term care facilities or have recently visited a hospital. CAP is common, affecting people of all ages, and its symptoms occur as a Specialty: Infectious disease. REASON FOR CHOOSING THE CASE: It is due to the motive to learn and apply our knowledge and skills in caring the patient with pediatric community acquired pneumonia (PCAP). This is a rare case since the patient is only 6 month old/5(3).